India - the great land
The facts below on India were recently published in one of the
German magazines which deals with world history.
India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
It is the only society in the world which has never known slavery.
India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century CE was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
Sanskrit is the mother of all higher languages. Sanskrit is the most precise and therefore suitable language for the computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization. It is the only system which takes the holistic view of the person being treated.
Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of British in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by her wealth and was looking for route to India when he discovered American continent by mistake.
The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
The value of "pi" was first calculated by Budhayana, and
he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this
in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians.
Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were propounded by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used
number is Tera: 10**12(10 to the power of 12).
According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896,
India was the only source for diamonds to the world. USA based IEEE has proved what has
been a century old suspicion in the world scientific community that the pioneer of
wireless communication was Prof Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi.
The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake aptly called 'Sudarshana' was constructed on the hills of aivataka during Chandragupta Maurya's time.
Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipments were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000
years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley
The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
QUOTES ABOUT INDIA
Albert Einstein said:
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which
no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.
Mark Twain said:
India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech,
the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand
mother of tradition. our most valuable and most instructive materials in
the history of man are treasured up in India only.
French scholar Romain Rolland said: If there is one place on the face of
earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very
earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.
Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA said: India conquered and
dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send
a single soldier across her border.
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